The Aragonese

1435-1458 Alfonso I of Aragon, the Magnanimous

1435-42 Conflict with the forces of René of Anjou

1442 Alfonso occupies the city of Naples; arranges for his illegitimate son Ferrante to succeed him there (while his brother John succeeds in Aragon and Sicily); Pope Eugenius IV comes to terms (1443)

1458-1494 Ferrante (Ferdinand I)

1458-64 Conflict with the forces of René, then John of Anjou

1480-81 Turkish occupation of Otranto

1485 The Great Barons Conspiracy (Francesco Coppola Count of Sarno,Antonello Sanseverino Prince of Salerno, Pietro Guevara Marchese del Vasto , Pirro del Balzo Prince of Altamura ), in the Angevin interest, with support from the Pope; Ferrante (1486) makes terms with some of the barons, arrests and later executes the ringleaders , makes terms with the Pope

1494-1495 Alfonso II

1495 Confronted with French invasion, Alfonso abdicates, retires to Messina (Jan.), dies (Dec.)

1495-1496 Ferrandino (Ferdinand II)

1495 Ferrandino retreats to Sicily before the French (Feb.)

1495 Charles VIII of France occupies Naples (Feb.-May)

1495 Ferrandino returns to the mainland (July) and regains control of the kingdom but dies (Oct. 1496)

1496-1501 Frederick of Altamura (uncle of Ferrandino)

1500 Secret treaty of Granada between Ferdinand of Aragon and Louis XII of France for the conquest and partition of Naples (Nov.)

1501 Joint Franco-Spanish invasion; Frederick of Altamura is forced into exile (Aug.; he dies in France, 1504; but his son the Duke of Calabria takes up residence in Spain)

1501-1516 Ferdinand the Catholic, of Aragon

1503-04 Following disagreements between the French and Spanish conquerors of the kingdom, hostilities break out and the French are driven out (they abandon their claim by treaty, 1505)

1503-07 Gonsalvo da Cordova acts as the king’s lieutenant in Naples (his most important successor under Ferdinand is Raymond of Cardona, 1509-22)

1516 On the death of Ferdinand, Naples, with Spain, is inherited by his grandson Charles of Hapsburg (Charles I of Spain, after 1519 Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire)